“English has a place in education and in society. By providing a high-quality education in English, pupils learn to speak and write fluently in order to communicate their ideas and emotions. Through their reading and listening, pupils are provided with the opportunity to develop culturally, emotionally, intellectually, socially and spiritually. Reading enables pupils both to acquire knowledge and to build on what they already know. All the skills of language are essential to participating fully as a member of society. “
2014 National Curriculum in England

At Oughtrington Community Primary School we promote high standards of language and literacy by working with pupils to help them to speak well, write proficiently and develop a love of literature through reading for enjoyment. We follow the 2014 National Curriculum for English; planning activities to encourage our pupils to reach their potential and aspire to greater heights.

Spoken Language
Spoken language is important to the development of our pupils across the whole curriculum. It underpins the development of reading and writing. The quality and variety of language that pupils hear and speak is vital in developing their vocabulary, grammar and understanding for reading and writing. At Oughtrington we ensure pupils continually develop confidence and competence in spoken language and listening skills, not only in English but across the whole school curriculum. Pupils are taught to use Standard English.
Oughtrington pupils learn to explain their understanding of books and other reading. They prepare their ideas before they write. They are supported to discuss their thinking with others. Our pupils are taught to understand and use the conventions for discussion and debate. They participate in drama activities to gain knowledge, skills and understanding; learning to adopt, create and sustain a range of roles, responding appropriately to others. They are given opportunities to improvise, devise and script drama for one another and a range of audiences. They study and perform a wide range of poetry. Additionally, pupils rehearse, refine, share and respond thoughtfully to drama and theatre performances.

Reading                                                                                                                                                                                     Reading at Oughtrington aims to ensure all pupils can read easily, fluently and with good understanding of a wide range of texts. Pupils learn to pronounce unfamiliar printed words (decoding) and recognise familiar printed words. Phonics is taught in EYFS and KS1, based on the DfE Letters and Sounds programme. Comprehension skills are developed during weekly discussions with the teacher and pupils in shared, guided or individual reading sessions. These activities allow the children opportunities to respond to texts they have read themselves or texts, at a higher level, that they have listened to. All pupils are encouraged to read widely across both fiction and non-fiction to develop knowledge of themselves and the world in which they live. We aim to foster a love of reading by promoting good reading role models, including our reading mentors, and celebrating reading with events such as World Book Day. Reading for pleasure is promoted throughout the school with pupils encouraged to read from a wide range of banded and ‘real’ books in class and visit our well-stocked library to read and borrow books. Reading is closely inked with the rest of the curriculum, allowing pupils to acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language. Using a range of high quality text the pupils are able to appreciate our rich and varied literary heritage.

Writing consists of transcription (spelling and handwriting) and composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing). Pupils are encouraged to begin writing and mark-making as soon as their learning journey begins at Oughtrington. Opportunities are provided for pupils to write in all areas of provision in EYFS. As pupils develop their writing skills, they are taught how to plan, revise and evaluate their writing. Writing down ideas fluently depends on effective transcription: spelling quickly and accurately through knowing the relationship between sounds and letters (phonics), understanding the morphology (word structure) and orthography (spelling structure) of words. Pupils participate in spelling and phonics every day in EYFS and Key Stage 1. Key Stage 1 and 2 follow a daily spelling programme (Spelling Toolkit).

Pupils are taught that effective composition involves forming, articulating and communicating ideas, then
organising them coherently for a reader. They are encouraged to be aware of their audience and context,
writing for a real purpose wherever possible. Pupils are immersed in text examples in order to study the text
and to increase knowledge of vocabulary, punctuation and grammar. As vocabulary increases, pupils learn how to understand the relationships between words, nuances in meaning and develop their use and understanding of figurative language. Pupils are supported and encouraged to develop fluent, legible and speedy handwriting.